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Cultural Advice

Argentina

Argentina is characterized by its individualistic and competitive culture. Argentines generally stand closer and are more apt to touch each other than Europeans or North Americans will. Read more

Australia

English is the language of business in Australia, but jobseekers should be aware that Australian English can be rather idiomatic. Read more

Austria

It is useful to know some of the basic Austrian expressions, in addition to the German language. A good deal of business is conducted in English. Read more

Belgium

Belgians tend to be rather formal and shake hands at the beginning and end of each interaction, both when meeting someone for the first time and when leaving a meeting. Read more

Brazil

Physical contact is an important element of communication in Brazil and visitors should not be alarmed or intimidated by this. Read more

Canada

Canada is one of the world's least densely inhabited countries, with a highly multi-cultural population. Read more

Chile

Generally, managers in Chile tend to be formal and conservative. Work is generally conducted in autocratic systems. Read more

China

The color red is a sign of wealth and success when used with products and services. Also associated with success and power are gold and yellow. Read more

Costa Rica

Avoid using first names until invited to do so and use formal Spanish pronouns and titles. Read more

Denmark

The Danes work intensely while on the job in order to go home to their families early. Read more

Finland

The sauna has a role in both business and social interactions and has a protocol all its own. Read more

France

Rank most definitely has its privileges in France. Hierarchy is something to be respected. Read more

Germany

The German communication style is very direct and can appear aggressive to some cultures. Punctuality is of utmost importance in business environments. Read more

Guatemala

In sectors other than government and finance, business-casual clothing is becoming more acceptable. Read more

Hong Kong

Although Western influence has filtered into Hong Kong; one should not assume that business is conducted the same way as in Western countries. Read more

India

Most women do not shake hands with men since physical contact is traditionally not acceptable between acquaintances of the opposite sex. Read more

Ireland

As building rapport is important in Irish culture; it is common to engage in social conversation prior to a meeting, often over non-alcoholic refreshments. Read more

Italy

Italy is a relatively young country compared to other European nations. Read more

Japan

Expatriates who want to obtain employment in Japan need to have an understanding of, and respect for, this ancient culture and its people. Read more

Mexico

Communication in Mexico tends to be subtle and non-confrontational. Read more

Netherlands

English is spoken widely throughout the Netherlands as a second language but knowing and using a little Dutch can help develop closer, more respectful relationships with Dutch colleagues. Read more

Nicaragua

Formal clothing is the norm in the workplace, and deference is given to senior positions by juniors. Read more

Norway

Norwegians tend to keep business and personal relations separate, resulting in a reserved but pleasant business environment. Read more

Panama

When invited out, let the host pay at a restaurant, but be sure to return the favor! Read more

Peru

Peru is a thousand-year old country, steeped in tradition and a grand history. Read more

Russia

Russia has a strong collectivist culture that dates back to medieval times when farmers lived and worked in self-managed agricultural communities known as mirs or obschina. Read more

Singapore

Although Western business practices are seen in modern day Singapore, businesses are still run very much like a family. Read more

South Africa

South Africa has one of the most diverse communities in the world and has 11 official languages. Read more

South Korea

Koreans are more likely than other Asian cultures to accept foreign acquaintances. They enjoy helping expatriates understand and experience their traditions. Read more

Spain

Life in Spain may be best characterized by its unhurried pace. Although often delayed, things eventually get done. Read more

Sweden

Staying late at the office is not necessarily a good sign; it may be interpreted as indicating that the individual is incapable of organizing him or herself well. Read more

Switzerland

Key principles in Swiss society include cleanliness, a strong work ethic and honesty. Read more

U.K.

The British strive for loyalty and integrity, and they appreciate directness. Read more

UAE

There are more expatriates than UAE nationals living in the UAE, which has a tradition of cultural diversity dating back to 3000 BCE. Read more

USA

Time is considered a valuable commodity in the United States and it is important to arrive punctually for meetings. Read more
 
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